This method of metal forming produces parts from flat, rolled-out metal as strips or sheets, which are ready for further processing. The advantages of this process are both the high quantity and excellent quality results it produces, as well as the favorable product properties that come from the use of rolled out, semi-processed pieces. Sheet metal components are highly suited to lightweight constructions.
Different methods of sheet metal forming can be used depending on the geometry of the desired part. Based on the characteristics of each deformation process, the forming engineer can choose between: Deep drawing, ironing, punching, bending, stamping, and a variety of other manufacturing processes. Due to the geometric complexity of the parts being manufactured, additional multistage forming that combines different processes is frequently required within a phase of production. Therefore, production is usually achieved by automated transfer or stage pressing, or by progressive tools. Incremental production methods, such as roll forming, produce tubular parts in a continuous process; more complex revolving parts can be produced by spinning or flow-forming processes.
Today's product range includes not only structural components, transmission parts, and mechanical components of all kinds, but also cosmetics, food packaging and containers, pipes, and profiles. Sheet metal forming is used in the:
A clear trend within product development is the increasing complexity and strength requirements of the components being produced. This trend alone has led to higher development costs for metal forming and manufacturing. Sheet metal forming has great potential for the manufacturing of lightweight components that were generally manufactured by forging in the past. This forming process can be combined to include, for example; Stamping and cross (lateral) flow processes as well as functions for adding elements such as gear teeth or threaded sleeves in the sheet metal parts.
In the design of sheet metal forming processes, the selection of suitable machine/tool concepts is just as essential as the technological feasibility and product properties. With the help of Simufact Forming, the technological feasibility of the project at hand is evaluated using realistic predictions of the geometrical accuracy, cracking behavior, risk of cracking, and formability. The simulation results show the product’s characteristics such as wall thickness distribution, edge curvature, and the hardness distribution due to cold working.
The Simufact Forming Sheet Metal Forming application module aids the simulation of forming parts from sheet-shaped primary materials. This module supports the manufacturing processes of pipes, profile parts, structural parts, engine and transmission housings, mechanical components, and many other products.
Take advantage of Simufact.forming for your sheet metal forming processes: